UPSC Syllabus 2023: IAS Prelims & Mains Syllabus Download PDF

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UPSC Syllabus 2023: A UPSC Syllabus is released each year by the Union Public Service Commission along with the UPSC Notification 2023 PDF, which was released on the 1st of February 2023 for the UPSC 2023 examination. In order to understand the UPSC CSE examination better, you should review the UPSC Syllabus in order to gain a deeper understanding of the topics and coverage areas.

There are a number of topics, news articles, information, and current affairs that candidates are required to read for the UPSC CSE exam, and if they have access to a detailed syllabus of the UPSC CSE, they can easily rectify that. This article provides an in-depth description of the UPSC Syllabus for the year 2023 It is crucial that you understand the UPSC Syllabus in order to be successful in the civil service exams.

In order to succeed in the UPSC IAS Examination, all of the toppers must have one thing in common: they have always followed the syllabus carefully. The UPSC IAS Examination Syllabus varies between the different stages of the examination. It is essential that they examine a number of qualities and aspects of the candidate in order to pick out the right candidates out of lakhs of applicants for the renowned services.

UPSC Syllabus For Prelims

For the purpose of preparing for UPSC Prelims 2023 exam, which will take place on 28th May   a detailed UPSC syllabus will be provided in the following table with regard to General Studies Paper 1 and General Studies Paper.

UPSC Syllabus General Studies 1 (GS-1)

In UPSC’s Prelims Syllabus 1, General Studies 1 is mainly composed of topics related to history, geography, politics, economics, the environment and ecology, science and technology, general science, and current affairs. As far as UPSC is concerned, its General Studies Prelims Paper 1 syllabus is divided into the following broad categories:

General Studies 1 Syllabus Time Duration & Maximum Marks
Current events of national and international importance. Max. Marks: 200 Marks

Duration: 2 Hours

History of India and Indian National Movement.
Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution,  Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, Political System, etc.
Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development ,Demographics, Poverty, Inclusion,  Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change -These are courses that do not require specialization in any particular subject matter.
General Science

CSAT Syllabus UPSC (GS-2)

UPSC CSE Paper 2 is also referred to as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) Paper and is a compulsory qualification paper for the Civil Services Examination. It was first introduced in 2011 as a qualifying paper for all candidates in the Civil Services Examination. As part of the UPSC CSE Prelims examination, this test is designed to test a candidate’s analytical skills, reasoning ability, and aptitude.

Every candidate is required to achieve a minimum of 33% (66 marks) in this paper to be considered qualified for the exam.

There are four broad categories in which UPSC categorizes its CSAT Syllabus UPSCs:

General Studies 2  CSAT  Syllabus Time Duration & Maximum Marks
Comprehension Maximum Marks: 200 Marks

Duration: 2 Hours

Interpersonal skills including communication skills
Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision-making and problem-solving
General mental ability
Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class 10 level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc10. – Class 10 level)

UPSC Syllabus for Mains Exam

It is the responsibility of UPSC to conduct the UPSC Mains 2023 examination on 15th September 2023 UPSC Mains 2023 Mains examination will consist of nine conventional/theoretical papers with their own significance. This examination will be conducted in five days by UPSC. UPSC’s CSE Mains Examination is primarily designed to test candidates’ knowledge and memory, but it is also designed to determine the level of their intellectual abilities.

In the following section, we have provided a detailed description of the UPSC Syllabus for the Mains Exam.

UPSC Syllabus Mains Language Paper

These papers will be used in order to determine an individual’s ability to read and comprehend serious discursive prose as well as to express themselves clearly and precisely in the relevant Indian and English languages. A minimum of 25% marks will be required to qualify in each paper, and the marks obtained in these papers will not be used to determine the rank of candidates. The scores obtained in these papers will not be used to determine their placements.

UPSC Syllabus Mains Indian Language

The following major topics are covered in this UPSC Mains Indian Language Paper:

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essays
  • It is a translation of the English language into the Indian language and the other way around.

It is possible for the candidate to select any Indian language from the table given below according to his or her preference.

Language Script
Assamese Assamese
Bengali Bengali
Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Devanagari
Kannada Kannada
Kashmiri Persian
Konkani Devanagari
Malayalam Malayalam
Manipuri Bengali
Marathi Devanagari
Nepali Devanagari
Odia Odia
Punjabi Gurmukhi
Sanskrit Devanagari
Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
Tamil Tamil
Telugu Telugu
Urdu Persian
Bodo Devanagari
Dogri Devanagari
Maithili Devanagari
Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki*
Note: Candidates are free to answer either in Olchiki or Devanagari on the question paper for the Santhali language. However, the question paper will be printed in Devanagari script.

UPSC Syllabus Mains English Paper

 There is also a qualifying English paper which consists mainly of passage comprehension, precise writing, vocabulary usage, use of idioms and short essays, which serve as qualifications for the English paper.

UPSC Syllabus PDF – Mains Essay Paper

It will be the responsibility of the candidates to write essays on a wide variety of topics. A candidate will be expected to write concisely and adhere to the essay’s topic. They will also be expected to organize their thoughts and to write clearly. There are two sections to the essay paper, and each section contains four topics and is divided into two sections. This paper is one of those papers that candidates can score better on and improve their rank meticulously.

A total of 250 marks will be awarded for completing each essay you write. Each essay will be scored out of 125.

UPSC Syllabus Mains – General Studies

General Studies Paper Topics Cover 
Paper 2 – General Studies I General Studies Paper (1) consists mainly of History and Geography of the World and Society, Indian Culture and Heritage. This paper mainly revolves around History, Geography and Society.
Paper 3 – General Studies II General Studies Paper (2) consists mainly of Polity, Constitution, Governance, Social Justice and International relations.
Paper 4 – General Studies  III General Studies Paper (3) consists mainly of Economic Development,  Environment, Biodiversity, Technology, Security and Disaster Management.
Paper 5 – General Studies  IV General Studies Paper (4) consists mainly of Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude.

UPSC Syllabus Optional Subjects List

It is more than likely that candidates can get good scores on either of these optional subject papers because these subjects are often either a graduation subject or a subject of interest to the candidate. These optional subject papers are compulsory. These optional subject papers are part of the examination process.

A candidate must read carefully the syllabus of each optional subject before deciding on that optional subject as each subject has its own comprehensive syllabus. For UPSC mains examination, there are a number of factors and parameters that are used to determine which subject is the best optional subject, such as syllabus, resources, and preparation time.

The UPSC Optional Subjects List provided below contains a list of subjects that candidates can choose from if they wish.

  Optional Subjects for UPSC 2023 Mains Exam
Agriculture Law
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Management
Anthropology Mathematics
Botany Mechanical Engineering
Chemistry Medical Science
Civil Engineering Philosophy
Commerce and Accountancy Physics
Economics Political Science and International Relations
Electrical Engineering Psychology
Geography Public Administration
Geology Sociology
History Statistics
Zoology Literature of any one of the following languages:

Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Manipuri,  Nepali, Odia, Bodo, Punjabi, Sanskrit,  Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Santhali, Urdu and English.

UPSC Syllabus for Optional Subjects

The UPSC Syllabus for Optional Subjects that are most commonly chosen by candidates for the UPSC Exams can be found in the official PDF discussed below. The links to this PDF can be found in the official UPSC Syllabus for Optional Subjects.

Optional Subject UPSC Syllabus 
Sociology UPSC Sociology Syllabus
Geography UPSC Geography Syllabus
Economics UPSC Economics Syllabus
Anthropology UPSC Anthropology Syllabus
Agriculture UPSC Agriculture Syllabus
Animal Husbandry UPSC Animal Husbandry Syllabus

Important Link’s

Official Website Click Here
Homepage Click Here

UPSC Syllabus PDF

You can download the complete UPSC Syllabus PDF from here if you are looking for better and more detailed information about the UPSC Syllabus.

Download PDF

FAQ’s related to UPSC Syllabus 2023

Is there anything that I should know about UPSC CSE subjects?

History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment and Ecology, Science and Technology, Current Affairs are some of the main subjects that one can expect to learn in the UPSC CSE examination.

What is the difficulty level of UPSC CSE examination?

The UPSC CSE exam is one of the toughest exams that UPSC conducts. In order for a candidate to succeed in this exam, they need to plan thoroughly, prepare thoroughly, persevere and develop the right technique and strategy.

In the UPSC examination, there are seven papers to be taken. What are they?

It is important to stress that there are seven papers in the UPSC CSE mains examination which are counted in the merit list, which include Essay paper, General Studies paper I, II, III, IV and Optional papers 1 and.

Could you please tell me what the subjects are that are compulsory for UPSC?

The other 7 out of 9 papers are compulsory papers in UPSC CSE mains exam, and the compulsory subjects are History, Polity, Geography, Economics, Environment, and Science and Technology. Except for the Indian Language and English paper, all other 7 papers out of 9 papers are compulsory papers in UPSC CSE mains exam.

How likely is it that a weak student will succeed in IAS?

In order to qualify for the UPSC CSE exam, you must possess a basic educational qualification. There was no harm in appearing in the UPSC CSE exam if you do not possess the necessary educational qualifications. This exam required only dedication and proper planning according to the syllabus, exam pattern, and level of examination.

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